Glasses or Spectacle Power Transposition - Easy way

Glasses or Spectacle Power Transposition

It is very easy to transpose glasses or spectacle prescriptions. You need to follow some basic rules to transpose minus cylinder to plus cylinder or plus cylinder to minus cylinder form.

Rule 1: To add spherical power and cylindrical power and you will get new spherical power.

Rule 2: Change the sign of the cylinder (minus to plus or plus to minus) without changing cylindrical power value.

Rule 3: Change the cylinder axis 90 degrees apart ( if you have axis 10 to 90 then add 90 and 100 to 180 then subtract 90). You will get a new axis after adding or subtracting.

Example 1: Sph +2.50 D / Cyl -1.50 D Axis 170

Adding Sph +2.50 D and Cyl-1.50 D = New Sph +1.00 D

So, here +1.00 D is new spherical power.
Changing the sign of cylinder minus to plus. So, new cylindrical power would be +1.50.

Lastly changing the axis 90 degrees apart. So, in this example axis is more than 90, you need to subtract 90 from 170. So, new axis would be 80.

After Transposition:
Sph +1.00 D / Cyl +1.50 D Axis 80.
Example 2: Sph -1.75 D / Cyl -1.25 D Axis 60

Adding Sph -1.75 D and Cyl -1.25 D = New Sph -3.00 D.

So, here -3.00 D is new spherical power.

Changing the sign of cylinder minus to plus. So, new cylindrical power would be +1.25.

Lastly changing the axis 90 degrees apart. So, in this example axis is less than 90, you need to add 90 to 60. So, new axis would be 150.

After Transposition:
Sph -3.00 D / Cyl +1.25 D Axis 150.
Example 3: Sph +1.75 D / Cyl -3.25 D Axis 40

Adding Sph +1.75 D and Cyl -3.25 D = New Sph -1.50 D.

So, here -1.50 D is new spherical power.

Changing the sign of cylinder minus to plus. So, new cylindrical power would be +3.25.

Lastly changing the axis 90 degrees apart. So, in this example axis is less than 90, you need to add 90 to 40. So, new axis would be 130.

After Transposition:
Sph -1.50 D / Cyl +3.25 D Axis 130.
Example 4: Sph +0.75 D / Cyl +1.25 D Axis 110

Adding Sph +0.75 D and Cyl +1.25 D = New Sph +2.00 D.

So, here +2.00 D is new spherical power.

Changing the sign of cylinder plus to minus. So, new cylindrical power would be -1.25.

Lastly changing the axis 90 degrees apart. So, in this example axis is more than 90, you need to subtract 90 from 110. So, new axis would be 20.

After Transposition:
Sph +2.00 D / Cyl -1.25 D Axis 20.

Computer Usage Tips and Tricks - Everyone should Follow

Computer Usage Tip and Tricks

    In the present era of globalization, the computer has become an important device everywhere. The advent of technology has caused a lot of change in human life. Computers and their uses grew rapidly and widely throughout the world. It helps to resolve problems that human life encounters in daily life.

    The impact of computer usage on our life has been identified as saving money, time, and effort. In the last few decades, the computer has been recognized as the most life-changing and successful invention in solving problems in human life. Today, everywhere you can find computer usage in business. Look at the educational sector, health, transportation, or communication sector, we can see the influence and application of computers. It is tough to flourish a business without adopting computer usage in this modern world. The computer has intervened in every sphere of human life from such as TV shows, Supermarkets, Hospitals, Railways, Matrimonial, Share Tradings, Online Purchasing, Banking, Sports, Traffic controls, Security Surveillance Systems, Job Recruitment, Robotics, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, etc. are a few of them. Computer and smartphone can bring people closer together and facilitate contacts between them using a mobile phone, Email, Chatting, Videoconferencing, and Social media. All this means that a lot of time is spent in front of a digital screen. In everyday life, we can’t live without digital screens and our screen usage has been increasing day by day. Although this is an advantage in the world of technology that our work is getting done faster and easier, still we need to be very careful of unintended consequences.

    But as the saying goes, too much of a good thing can be bad – especially for our eyes. Even with constant exposure to digital screens, most people are unconscious of the unpleasant effects of prolonged digital technology use on their eyes.

    Many individuals may experience visual discomfort while viewing digital screens for larger periods. Staring at digital screens of laptops, computers, tablets, cellphones, TVs, smartwatches – affects your eyes so seriously that health experts have coined the term “Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)”. Today the increased symptoms associated with CVS affect millions around the world regardless of age or occupation. Due to the high usage of electronic digital devices for an extended period, a couple of things occur which increase the likelihood of CVS symptoms which is also known as digital eye strain:

• Eyestrain
• Itching or rubbing of eyes
• Burning sensation
• Watery eye
• Headache
• Focus difficulty
• Blur in vision for distance and near
• Shadow in vision (double vision)
• Sensitivity to light   
• Dryness in eyes

You may like to read about:

"How to select a Contact Lens for your eyes?"
"Spectacle Frame Selection Guide matching to Your Face"

    It’s not possible to stop staring at screens altogether, but, fortunately, there are multiple measures you can take to reduce your risk of Computer Vision Syndrome and keep your eyes healthy. Everyone should get started by a healthy diet that contributes nourishment to eye health. Here are few tips to protect your vision and keep your eyes fresh and focused when you’re using screens.

    Healthy food and a balanced diet take care of your health and eyes as well. To maintain good health of your eyes, you should include Vitamin A & betacarotene, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Lutein & Zeaxanthin in your diet.

Tips and tricks:

• Blinking of eyes: In normal conditions, the human eye blinks 15-17 times per minute. However, when you look at a digital screen and at that time brain also focuses on a screen, it can make you forget to blink your eyes, and the blink rate reduces up to 6-7 times per minute. Every time you blink your eyes, you spread a layer of tears over your eyes so your eyes are moistened. So less eye blinking means your eyes get less moistened which leads to dryness or sore eyes.

Computer Usage Tips and Tricks

• You use unfavorable angles: In normal conditions, when we read printed text or books, you normally look down to read them, but when staring at a screen the eyes are usually focused straight ahead. When looking down while reading, your eyelid covers more of your eye than when you look straight on. This means, looking at a screen with a straight angle causes more opening of eyes and exposes more of your eye to the air’s drying effects. This unfavorable eyelid positioning, together with a reduction in blinking, leaves you with uncomfortably dry or sore eyes and even visual fatigue. So digital screen should always be 10-15 degrees lower than your eye level.

• Get too close for comfort: You may have already noticed that when you are reading on your smartphone, you usually hold it closer to your eyes than you would with traditional printed text. And you are not the only one. This means that your eyes are forced to look at close ranges by having to almost turn cross-eyed, which tires out the eyes. Sometimes you use your smartphone to read in sleeping posture, which means you hold it close to your eyes which causes more eyestrain.

• Eye Strain: Continuous looking at the digital screen and reduced eye blink rate leaves you with uncomfortable dryness in your eyes. So looking at green plants kept at a far distance for a few seconds or minutes at intervals of 15-20 minutes will soothe your eyes.

• Dim light or low light for comfort: Sometimes you prefer to use the digital screen in dim light or no light conditions but this causes a lot of eye strain. Like this, the digital screen light enters into the eye, and due to reduced blink rate too - eyes and brain feel more tired. Due to this, you might experience heaviness in your head or uncomfortable while working with a screen.

• Room light or external light reflections from your digital screen should not come into your eyes while working in front of the digital screen.

• The luxury place for work: Most computers need cooling to function well but Air Conditioners (ACs) suck moisture from the air in that area. When you work in AC, it sucks moisture and water content from the body which doesn’t help in blood circulation and doesn’t keep your skin nourished. So, you should avoid AC vent direction towards your face and body wherever you are using a digital screen. In the AC room, your eyes’ moisture evaporates faster and causes dryness and soreness in the eye.

• As you feel tired after some time working with a digital screen, you should be taking a break every 1-2 hours during work. Taking healthy refreshments during the break will make you more refreshed as well as relaxed. Like this, you can work with a digital screen for a longer time. Along with refreshment, every few minutes your water intake also is very important.

• Digital screen comfort: Most of us prefer to use cellphones more frequently as this device is easier to use and can be carried easily but due to the smaller screen, the font size of the text remains smaller. Keeping focus on a screen to stare at a small-sized text, can make your eyes more painful. In such a scenario bigger size screen will reduce eye strain, and you’re not struggling to see the screen.

• Continuous working and watching videos on a cellphone can cause eye pain, headache also.

• Eye-related Headaches: Headaches are the next most common negative effect of your eye’s overexposure to digital devices. When you stare at a digital screen for long period, the eyestrain that occurs often results in tension-type headaches. This is because the darkness of the text, contrasted against the bright screen, makes your eyes work harder to focus and results in muscle spasms at the temples.

    Unquestionably, technology makes our lives easier, more efficient, and more enjoyable. But given the side effects of overexposure to smartphones, tablets, laptops, and other LED-emitting devices on your eyes, it is important to take a step away from electronics every once in a while.

    There are certain types of protective items that you can put on screens, such as filters, to cut down on glare, which can also help reduce eye strain.

    Whenever you experience discomfort in your eyes then tightly close your eyes and open them as this will give relaxation to your eyes and tears will spread evenly all over the eye.

    Most of the time, you experience a lack of time and keep continue using digital screens for your work till before going to bed due to this you may experience eye strain, lack of sleep. So if you reduce digital screen usage before going to sleep will make your eyes relaxed and with good sleep.

    Doing simple things such as adjusting the brightness of your devices and the distances at which you view them can decrease your eyestrain, dry eyes, sensitivity to light, etc.

    Use technology wisely, and your eyes will thank you.

Contact lens care regimen - Part2 | What should you not do with Contact Lenses

Contact Lens care regimen - What you should not do...

    Contact lenses are medical devices and directly used in the eyes, which should be used carefully.

What you should not do...
• Do not wear your contact lenses, if you notice any issue with your contact lenses such as eye-stinging, burning, itching, eye pain, comfort less than when the lens was first put in, abnormal feeling of something in the eye, excessive watering, unusual eye secretions, redness, reduced sharpness of vision, blurred vision, rainbows or halos around objects, sensitivity to light or dry eyes.

• Do not use oily soap/sticky liquid soap to rinse your hands, it's traces may remain in your palm and cause irritation after wearing the lens/lenses.

• Do never use any household products to disinfect your contact lenses (they can seriously damage your eyes).

• Do not wear your contact lenses for a longer period than advised.

• Do not sleep or take nap with contact lenses on.

• Do not handle contact lenses over washbasin or sink area as they may fall into and get contaminated.

• Do not reuse contact lens disinfecting solution for two days or more.

• Do not use tap water or filter (RO) water to rinse or store your contact lenses.

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• Do not dilute any contact lens disinfecting solution as this may get contaminated & reduces their effectiveness.

• Do not overnight store your contact lenses in tap water or distilled water. Contact lenses are not safe with all varieties of eye drops.

• Do not rub your eyes vigorously with contact lens, when you have worn them. But you can do a gentle rub of your eyes with a contact lens on.

• Do not splash water directly into your eyes when you have worn contact lenses.

• Do not use contact lens disinfecting solution if you are allergic to any ingredient of it.

• Do not use all variety eye drop over contact lens, without being advised by your practitioner (few eye drops ie. lubricants, rewetting can be used - as per recommended by your practitioner).

• Do not keep your contact lenses without it's liquid otherwise they will be dried (dehydrated), and they will change their size and shape? Due to this, you will find more discomfort in your eyes while wearing them.

• Do not touch disinfecting solution bottle tip or nostril with finger/s. Otherwise, the disinfecting solution will get contaminated.

• Do not expose disinfecting solution bottle directly to Sunlight or hot areas.

• Do not wear your contact lenses in the presence of noxious or irritating vapors/fumes, smoke, or dusty conditions. you may experience discomfort in your eyes if you do so.

• Do not allow any hair spray or other cosmetics aerosols vapors to come into contact with your contact lenses.

• Do not wear oil base eyeliner or other cosmetics on the inner side of your eyelids. Particles of cosmetics may be stuck over the contact surface and cause discomfort in the eyes.

• Do not use saliva to wet your lenses, it is not true that your own bacteria are safe. But this may cause serious eye infections also.

• Do not wear reusable lenses while swimming as they may get contaminated with contact of water but daily disposable contact lenses can be worn, and thrown away after swimming.

• Do not frequently switch disinfecting solutions from one to another without checking your eye care practitioner. Otherwise, this could cause discomfort in your eyes as ingredients are different in all disinfecting solutions.

Contact Lens Care Regimen - Part 1 | Contact Lens management | What to do with Contact Lens

Contact Lens care regimen

     Contact lenses are medical devices for which you need a complete and comprehensive eye check-up in which your eye care professional will assess the health of your eyes and find the correct power for nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hypermetropia), and astigmatism. After check-ups of your eyes, your eye care professional will decide which contact lens will keep your eyes healthy and comfortable. Of course, regular eye examinations by your eye care professional are an important part of wearing a contact lens. Cleanliness is an important aspect of proper contact lens care and handling of your contact lenses. And here we recommend that you should always follow the instructions:

What you should do...

  • Thoroughly wash your hands with mild soap (or baby soap) to remove any traces of hand cream, dust, fluff, or dirt on your fingers, as these could end up in the lens and cause discomfort.
  • Dry your hands with a lint-free towel/cloth before insertion and removal of contact lenses to avoid tiny fibers (lint) getting on to lens surface.
  • Keep your fingernails short, smooth, and clean.
  • Spread cloth/sheet while insertion or removal of Contact lens/es so that they should not be lost over the floor.
  • Rub and rinse your lenses before insertion and after removal with the disinfecting solution recommended by the contact lens practitioner.
  • Clean contact lens cases after each use using fresh, sterile disinfecting solution/contact lens cleaner. 
  • Always insert and remove the same eye lens first, so that you do not mix-ups the right and left lenses.

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"What should you not do with Contact Lenses?"

"Computer Usage Tips and Tricks - Everyone should Follow"

  • Rinse your Lens/es in your palm with the other hand’s index finger after making an angle of 30-45 degrees and the lens should be rubbed in ‘+’ sign or clock & anti-clockwise with 8-10 gentle strokes with a recommended solution – this process should be repeated twice. You can turn inside out only in soft contact lenses but can’t do in RGP (hard) contact lenses.
  • Before insertion of the lenses, you should Check that lens are not turned inside out (for soft contact lenses).
  • Now your contact lens/es are ready to insert.
  • After insertion and before removal of the contact lens/es – cover one eye and check the vision with opposite eye and do it for another eye also, by which eye injury can be avoided.
  • Rinse the lens case weekly once with cool boiled water or RO water with a toothbrush and mild soap (baby soap), when the lens/es are in the eye/s.
  • Contact lenses should always be stored in the contact lens case in a fresh recommended disinfecting solution regularly to remove the protein deposits, mucus, and film from the lens surface, even if they are not being used daily.
  • Disinfecting solution disinfects your contact lenses and protects them from microbial contamination and reduces the risk of an eye infection.
  • Disinfecting solution filled in lens case to soak the contact lenses also has a wetting and conditioning effect, which forms a cushion effect over the front and back of contact lens surface, and provides comfort immediately after insertion.
  • After removing your lenses from the lens case, empty and rinse the lens storage case with solution(s) recommended by the lens case manufacturer; then allow the lens case to air dry. When the case is used again, refill it with a fresh storage solution. Replace lens case at regular intervals.
  • Rigid gas permeable contact lenses should always be soaked in disinfecting solution for better comfort. Keep them in dry state if you are not using them for one week or more.
  • The disinfecting solution can be used within 75-90 days of opening the seal of the bottle and the remaining solution should be discarded after that duration.
  • Use disinfecting contact lens solution before the date of expiry marked on the bottle label or carton.
  • Apply the disinfecting solution bottle cap after every use to avoid contamination and evaporation.
  • After insertion of contact lenses in the eyes, you can apply only water-based make-up which does not deposit over contact lenses. If you want to remove the make-up then you should take out the contact lens first from the eyes, and then remove the make-up.
  • For the best safety, wherever you go carry your contact lens case and disinfecting solution with you. So that you can store your contact lenses in a lens case if needed.
  • If you experience any kind of eye discomfort, excessive watering (tearing), fluctuation in vision, and redness in the eye - remove your contact lens from your eyes immediately and consult your eye care practitioner.
  • Replace lenses if they become damaged, chipped-off, or scratched.



Contact Lenses with Plus Power in India

Contact Lenses with Plus Power in India

    Contact lenses are thin lenses that are directly placed on the front surface of the eye. Contact lenses are an ocular medical device used to correct vision or for cosmetic or therapeutic purposes by people worldwide. People choose to wear contact lenses to avoid wearing glasses, with which field of vision or peripheral vision increases. Contact lenses are preferred for cosmetic purposes, sports, and other outdoor activities. Contact lens wearers can also use sunglasses or goggles to protect them from bright light or glare. There are different types of contact lenses to correct nearsightedness or farsightedness. Farsightedness is corrected with plus power. 

Spherical Contact Lens with Plus power

Silicone Hydrogel - Daily Disposable

J&J Acuvue Oasys 1-day (Senofilcon A)
Base curve 8.5, 9.0     Diameter 14.3
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 (0.25 step) +6.50 to +8.00 (0.50 step)

J&J 1-day Acuvue Trueye (Narafilcon A)
Base curve 8.5            Diameter 14.2
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 (0.25 step) 

Coopervision Clarity 1-day (Somofilcon A)
Base curve 8.6            Diameter 14.1
Power range +0.50 to +4.00 (0.25 step) +4.50 to +6.00 (0.50 step) 

Hydrogel - Daily Disposable

J&J Acuvue Moist (Etafilcon A)
Base curve 8.5, 9.0     Diameter 14.2
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 (0.25 step)

Alcon Focus Dailies (Nelfilcon A)
Base curve 8.6           Diameter 13.8
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 (0.25 step) 

Alcon Dailies Aqua Comfort Plus (Nelfilcon A)
Base curve 8.7           Diameter 14.0
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 (0.25 step)

Silicone Hydrogel - Reusable contact lens

J&J Acuvue Oasys  (Senofilcon A) - (2 weeks)
Base curve 8.4, 8.8     Diameter14.0
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 ( 0.25 step) +6.50 to +8.00 (0.50 step)

J&J Acuvue Vita  (Senofilcon C) - (1 month)
Base curve 8.4, 8.8     Diameter14.0
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 ( 0.25 step) +6.50 to +8.00 (0.50 step)

Coopervision Biofinity  (Comfilcon A) - (1 month)
Base curve 8.6            Diameter 14.0
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 ( 0.25 step) +6.50 to +8.00 (0.50 step)

Coopervision Biofinity XR (Comfilcon A) - (1 month)
Base curve 8.6            Diameter 14.0
Power range +8.50 to +15.00 (0.50 step)

Coopervision Avira Vitality (Fanfilcon A) - (1 month)
Base curve 8.4            Diameter 14.2
Power range +0.50 to +4.00 ( 0.25 step) +4.50 to +6.00 (0.50 step)

B&L PureVision2 (Balafilcon A) - (1 month)
Base curve 8.6            Diameter 14.0
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 ( 0.25 step)

Alcon AirOptix Aqua(Lotrafilcon B) - (1 month)
Base curve 8.6            Diameter 14.2
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 ( 0.25 step)

Alcon O2 Optix  (Lotrafilcon B) - (1 Month)
Base curve 8.6            Diameter 14.2
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 ( 0.25 step)

Hydrogel - Reusable contact lens

J&J Acuvue 2 (Etafilcon A) – (2 weeks)
Base curve 8.3, 8.7     Diameter 14.0
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 (0.25 step) +6.50 to +8.00 (0.50 step)

Coopervision Proclear – (Omafilcon A) (1 Month)

Base curve 8.6            Diameter14.2
Power range +0.50 to +6.00 (0.25 step) +6.50 to +20.00 (0.50 step)

B&L Optima38  (Polymacon) - 1 year
Base cuvrve 8.4, 8.7     Diameter 14.0
Power range +0.50 to +5.00 (0.50 step)

Toric (Plus power) Contact lens

Hydrogel Toric - Daily Disposable

J&J Acuvue Moist for Astigmatism (Etafilcon A)
Base curve 8.5         Diameter 14.5
Spherical power range: +0.25 to +4.00 (0.25 step)
Cylindrical power: -0.75, -1.25, -1.75
Available Axis: 10, 20, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 160, 170, 180

Silicone Hydrogel Toric - Reusable contact lenes

J&J Acuvue Oasys for Astigmatism (Senofilcon A) - (2 weeks)
Base curve 8.6    Diameter 14.5
Spherical power range: +0.25 to +6.00 (0.25 step)
Cylindrical power: -0.75, -1.25, -1.75, -2.25, -2.75
Available Axis: 10 to 180 (10 degrees increments)

J&J Acuvue Vita for Astigmatism (Senofilcon C) - (1 Month)
Base curve 8.6    Diameter 14.5
Spherical power range: +0.25 to +4.00 (0.25 step)
Cylindrical power: -0.75, -1.25, -1.75
Available Axis: 10, 20, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 160, 170, 180
B&L PureVision2 for Astigmatism (Balafilcon A) - (1 month)
Base curve 8.9    Diameter 14.5
Spherical power range: +0.25 to +5.00 (0.25 step), +5.50 to +6.00 (0.50 step)
Cylindrical power: -0.75, -1.25, -1.75, -2.25
Available Axis: 10 to 180 (10 degrees increments)

Hydrogel Toric - Reusable contact lenes

B&L SofLens66 (Alphafilicon A) - (1 month)
Base curve 8.5            Diameter 14.5
Spherical power range: +0.25 to +5.00 (0.25 step), +5.50 to +6.00 (0.50 step)
Cylindrical power: -0.75, -1.25, -1.75, -2.25
Available Axis: 10 to 180 (10 degrees increments)

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Available contact lenses with Minus Power in India.

How to control Gastric problems? | How to cure Gastric problem permanently?

How to control Gastric problems?

    In today’s fast-paced world, everyone is having a busy schedule and their working hours are also very long as people want to work more and earn more but they forget about their health. Most works in offices happen on computers and people are spending long sitting hours in front of computers. Due to their busy schedule, people are ordering ready-to-eat meals and they are not bothering about the quality of food. The food that people usually order online and consume regularly is loaded with trans fats, sugars, and oil, which always result in a stomach upset. Digestive problems or disorders and other illnesses affect the gastrointestinal tract in all age groups including children and the elderly.

    The gastrointestinal tract, in the human digestive system, comprises the food pipe or the oesophagus, stomach, and intestines (both large and small). The oesophagus transports the food particles from the buccal cavity to the stomach and to the intestines, where the food is broken down into simpler substances to enable other organs and tissues to absorb nutrients from food, for carrying out routine biological functions and ensuring optimal overall health.

    One such common concern is the gastric problem, which can be quite embarrassing, especially when a bad odour is emanated from a person. This instance occurs when surplus gas accumulates in the organs of the digestive system (i.e. the stomach and intestines).

    But what is the main cause of the gastric problem? Well, the major causative factors of gastric problem are gulping down meals with improper chewing at a fast speed, intake of high amounts of soft drinks and greasy junk foods, consuming dishes that contain high levels of starch and insoluble fibers as well as imbalance in the healthy gut microbiome i.e. beneficial bacteria present in the stomach, which aid in digestion.

Factors that increase your risk of getting gastritis:
    Certain aspects make an individual highly prone to developing gastric complaints, bloating, and its associated digestive complications like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), diarrhoea, heartburn, constipation, and stomach cramps.

    It is important to restrict daily calorie and carbohydrate intake to maintain a healthy body, the latter only applies to the digestible carbohydrate – sugars and starches, while fibers - the indigestible carbohydrate, must be eaten in considerable amounts. When soluble and insoluble dietary fibers are scarce in regular meals, flushing out solid, liquid wastes via the bowel and bladder becomes difficult and gastric trouble is an invariable consequence.

    Roughage in green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale (leaf cabbage), and whole-grain cereals of oats & barley is key in easing bladder and bowel movement, thus ensuring the elimination of food wastes, injurious toxins, urine, and stool, without any obstructions.

    A lack of physical activity due to busy schedule results in a gradual increase in the body mass index (BMI), which triggers chronic illnesses of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and other health issues. Moreover, since the predominant part of the day goes by in remaining seated, the abdominal muscles, oesophageal tissues, and diaphragm transport food particles at a slower speed than normal retarding metabolism and slowing down digestion too.

    For centuries, our country follows yoga and exercise. But due to fast-paced lifestyle peoples are not having sufficient time to follow the same. Now again doctors, nutritionists, and fitness trainers recommend adhering to a daily exercise routine for at least 30 minutes which should incorporate some high-intensity workouts. This exercise not only uplifts heart functions and accelerates weight loss, but also prevents instances of gastric problems.

    Daily busy schedules often evoke high levels of stress, nervousness and even trigger mental illnesses of depression and anxiety. Due to all of this, not only this decline brain activity, memory, concentration, and productivity, but even gastrointestinal functions are encumbered. The quantity of nutrients absorbed by the stomach tissues from ingested meals reduces, internal gas production in the stomach increases, and the intestinal walls get damaged, breaking the protective barrier and allowing detrimental bacteria in the ingested food to attack other bodily organs.
A wholesome balanced diet, routine physical activity, optimal deep sleep, engaging in yoga and meditation work helps in lowering stress levels and thereby enhancing digestion.

Symptoms of gastric problem
    The gastric problem can be present with serious symptoms including unbearable stomach pain, incessant nausea & vomiting, sudden loss of weight, discharge of blood along with stool, and pain in the anal area. If a person shows chronic or acute gastric symptoms, then that person should have a consultation with an expert doctor.

    If the symptoms of the gastric problem in a person are lower in intensity, such as constipation, flatulence or gas, diarrhoea, bloating, and indigestion, but tend to cause discomfort as it repeatedly develops. In such cases, home remedies and exercises can help to keep their issue under control.

    Nevertheless, even in such instances, it is still strongly suggested to have a proper consultation by a doctor and take the supplements recommended by the doctor, in addition to adhering to a nourishing diet and active lifestyle.

Foods and home remedies that help in reducing/controlling gastric problem:
    A nutritious diet is most important in maintaining enhanced gut health and preventing complications in the gastrointestinal tract. If an individual feels bloated or uncomfortable often, following a meal, certain spices and gut-friendly foods help in easing the digestion process and relieving pain in the stomach.

    Fennel seeds are a time-tested Ayurvedic remedy for bloating and internal gas in the stomach. In India, fennel seeds (locally known as Saunf), are regularly chewed on post meals, to enhance digestion. Fennel seeds stimulate gastric secretions, enabling unhindered processing of food particles and alleviating symptoms of indigestion and constipation.

    Herbal teas are prepared with extracts from powerful plants that possess numerous medicinal properties. Being packed with potent antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, they facilitate smooth digestion and lower stomach pain due to gastric problems. Some popular herbal teas include anise, ginger, peppermint, chamomile, and lemon tea, which work wonders to remedy bloating and gas.
Peppermint oil (usually comes in the form of capsules) has been considered an effective solution to rectify disorders of the abdominal tract, such as bloating, constipation, flatulence, and gastric problem. A significant level of menthol in peppermint extracts, which relaxes the intestinal muscles and allows smooth digestion and excretion processes.

    Cloves are commonly used in Ayurveda, which is a traditional Indian medicine. Clove is usually used as spices in food to produce an aroma. Another usage of clove is in the treatment of teeth, digestion, etc. Clove oil intake is a traditional remedy for curing a host of digestive issues including bloating, gastric complaints, flatulence, constipation, and even stomach ulcers. Chewing on cloves or swallowing a teaspoon of clove powder with elaichi after meals stimulates the secretion of digestive acids, thereby preventing acidity and dispelling excessive gas from the stomach.

    Apple vinegar provides an acidic microenvironment in the gut, besides triggering the synthesis of digestive enzymes. In this manner, it improves digestion and also relieves stomach pain, bloating, and other symptoms of gastric problems. In its pure form, apple vinegar is highly acidic and can erode the enamel covering the teeth. It is hence usually suggested to mix 1 teaspoon of apple vinegar in a glass of water and consume this diluted drink, to effectively heal inflammation in the stomach and eliminate gas from the stomach.

Which food to avoid during gastric problem?
    Certain food groups, although offering vital essential nutrients including vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, sometimes tend to aggravate a bloated tummy and further worsen the symptoms of gastric issues.

    Foods with a high level of sugar, which are difficult to digest, comprise beans, green leafy vegetables like cabbage, colocasia root, broccoli, and brussel sprouts. Certain food items like sweetened calorie-loaded junk foods, soft drinks, packaged fruit juices, biscuits, pears, onions, and artichokes consist of very high amounts of a sugar molecule known as fructose, which is known to trigger gastritis in the gut.
Dairy products are abound in lactose. It is hence suggested to lower the consumption of milk, milk-made sweets, butter and cheese, and other drinks containing dairy, as it results in the build-up of gas in the stomach.

    Oat, certain fruits, peas, and beans contain a significant quantity of insoluble fibers due to which the digestion process becomes complicated, and those who have digestive troubles very often should consume insoluble fibers in small quantities as part of a routine diet.

    Enriched, processed foods like pasta, corn-based produce, as well as potatoes are high on starch, posing a slowdown in digesting these dishes. Conscious efforts must be taken, lower the intake of starchy foods in the diet, to completely recover from gastric problems.

Simple tips to control Gastric issues:
    The major factor responsible for the accumulation of gas in the abdomen is swallowing air especially talking while eating. Although inevitably, a person would naturally swallow some amounts of air while breathing and talking, an excess of air being trapped in the gut can be easily avoided by not gulping down food but by eating slowly.

    Chewing on each bite of food, keeping the mouth closed while chewing reduces the amount of air ingested, and also saliva mixes well with broken down complex food particles, making digestion easier. This remarkably reduces the occurrence of gastric problems and other intestinal conditions like constipation, bloating, and diarrhoea.

    Certain specific foods i.e. peanuts, rajma, seafood, oily spicy food, some vegetables (pumpkin, colocasia root (Arabi), cabbage, etc. cause gas, flatulence, indigestion, and bloating. If anyone is suffering from gas, flatulence, indigestion, and bloating then those persons should take very light food like daliya or khichadi in one meal in a day and avoid eating heavy meals. It is hence advised to consult with a doctor, to cut out their additional diet and thereby avoid frequent episodes of gut problems.

    Wearing very tight-fitting clothes compresses the stomach and intestinal muscles, thus obstruct smooth digestion processes. Keep in mind to wear clothes that always fit comfortably, especially around the waist and hips, to ease digestion as well as to allow the release of trapped gas and acid in the stomach, in case gastric problems, acidity, and indigestion arise.

    Needless to say, drinking ample amounts of water is absolutely necessary for good health and mind. Water drinking promotes the digestion of foodstuffs and the elimination of wastes. It encourages regular bladder movement, ensuring unobstructed passage of stools and thus detoxifying the system. The insufficient liquid in the diet leads to constipation and gas with an unpleasant odour. It is ideal to consume a full glass of lukewarm water after every meal, to assist with good digestion and excretion processes.

    Although following a healthy, balanced diet is the master key to lowering the incidence of gas, flatulence, and indigestion, routine exercise immensely boosts digestive wellness. Be it in the morning, noon or night, a short, brisk walk following a meal not only facilitates the transit and absorption of food along the oesophagus, stomach, and intestines but also stimulates gastric secretions that enhance digestion and metabolism. Moreover, exercise also augments heart health and makes cardiac muscles tough and robust. In this way, blood circulation to the stomach and intestines is also increased, ensuring smooth digestion.

    Buffalo milk should not be consumed directly but it should be diluted with water to reduce gastric issues. Night meals should be light and it should be taken 1-2 hours before going to the bed so that it can be digested easily.

    If still anyone suffers from gas, flatulence, and indigestion, a person should take Triphala churna 1/3-1/2 spoon with lukewarm water before going to bed. This churn will make your digestive system smoothly within a couple of days - as I have my own experience.

    If a person has a mild or moderate gastric problem - that person can use lemonade with a pinch of rock salt and little sugar (1-2 teaspoon)... If a person is suffering from a gastric problem - that person can take lemonade consisting of lukewarm water, a pinch of rock salt, and baking soda or eating soda or bicarbonate of soda (1/3-1/2 teaspoon)…

    It is always better to consult a doctor to know more about your health and any other associated systemic disease!

How to select a Contact Lens for your eyes? | Contact Lens selection

How to select a Contact Lens for your eyes?

    Contact lenses are thin lenses made up of polished plastic (hydrogel or silicone) material, that are directly placed on the front surface of the eye. Contact lenses are an ocular medical device used to correct vision or for cosmetic or therapeutic purposes by people worldwide. People choose to wear contact lenses to avoid wearing glasses, with which field of vision or peripheral vision increases. Contact lenses are preferred for cosmetic purposes, sports, and other outdoor activities. Contact lens wearers can also use sunglasses or goggles to protect them from bright light or glare. There are different types of contact lenses to correct nearsightedness or farsightedness.

    Today I am here with a new post on How to select a contact lens for yourself?

    The answer to this question is really very tough but in this post, I have made all my effort to make you understand how to make a good selection for your contact lenses. Hope it might be helpful to you!

    Contact lenses are a replacement of spectacles. After wearing contact lenses, a person can see as natural vision and the field of vision increases up to 99%. People can also wear sun shades too with contact lenses.

    Before buying any contact lenses there are some simple questions to ask. These questions will help you to decide which contact lens suits your need. So you need to ask these simple questions to yourself.

    First, you need to decide at what time you want to use your contact lenses. The next question should be asked that how many hours you want to use them. And finally, what is your budget to buy the contact lenses?

     If you ask these questions to yourself, definitely you can judge your choice of contact lens.

    But you should ask a few more questions to yourself like what is your digital screen usage? And how many hours you spend in AC? If you add these few more questions, then you can judge the best contact lenses for your eyes.

    Some people want to use contact lenses on an occasional basis while some others want to use contact lenses on an everyday basis. Some of them want to use them for a few hours while some of them want to use them for a maximum of waking hours.

    So, there are different types of contact lenses with different modalities of usage.

    If you want to use a contact lens only for party functions, sports activities, or sometimes while going out for shopping, etc. then a daily disposable contact lens will be the best option for you. These lenses comes single lens blister. You need not to clean or store them at all. Just open the blister of the contact lens and wear them and now you are ready to go. Hygiene and maintenance wise these lenses are most hygienic. Infection in eyes with these types of contact lenses is close to zero percent. If you are fond of swimming then these lenses would be best choice for swimming as these lenses can be discarded after swim.

    If your work schedule is not allowing you to take care of your contact lenses every day then a daily disposable contact lens would be advisable for you. You can put a pair of contact lenses in your eyes after taking bath in morning  and remove them before going to bed from your eyes.

    If you are willing to wear lenses for longer hours then silicone hydrogel daily disposable lenses are the best choice. These lenses are available from Johnson & Johnson, Bausch&Lomb and Coopervision – you can wear these lenses for up to 18 hours occasionally basis without hesitation.

    If you are willing to wear lenses up to 12 hours then hydrogel lenses is a good option. You can wear these lenses for up to 12 hours. These lenses are available from Johnson & Johnson, Bausch&Lomb, Coopervision and Alcon.

    If in case your contact lens usage is more than thrice a week and you find daily disposable contact lenses are out of your budget then it is better to prefer reusable contact lenses as expenses on these lenses become cost-effective.

    Again these lenses are available in silicone hydrogel and hydrogel material. So if you want to use lenses every day for up to 14 hours per day then silicone hydrogel lenses would be the best choice of contact lenses. But if you want to use lenses for up to 10-11 hours per day then you can select hydrogel material of contact lenses.

    If your choice of contact lenses is not available in daily or monthly disposable contact lenses then you can use conventional contact lenses. But these contact lenses should be used up to 8 hours per day.

    If you use hydrogel reusable contact lenses for a long time then hydrogel lenses are not the best choice. This type of lenses may cause oxygen-related changes in your eyes which can, later on, cause an eye infection.

    Finally, it is my personal opinion that you should use silicone hydrogel contact lens for whatever time duration you want to use so that your eyes will remain always healthy and your eyes will not face oxygen related issues (corneal hypoxia).

    Hopefully, after reading this post you might have selected your choice of contact lens. Be happy and infection-free after wearing contact lenses.

    Keep reading our other contact lens-related posts.